Dual coronary embolization associated with atrial fibrillation: a case report

  • Yonggang Yuan Department of cardiology, Cangzhou Central Hospital, No. 16 Xinhua Road, Cangzhou 061000, Hebei, China
  • Zesheng Xu Department of cardiology, Cangzhou Central Hospital, No. 16 Xinhua Road, Cangzhou 061000, Hebei, China
Keywords: Embolization, Acute myocardial infarction, Atrial fibrillation, Thrombolytic treatment

Abstract

Background: Thrombotic occlusion of the coronary artery, which succeeds the atherosclerotic plaque
rupture or erosion, gives rise to a major portion of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) incidences.
Nevertheless, coronary embolism is gaining increasing recognition as another important factor contributing
to AMI.

Case presentation: A 72-year-old woman with atrial fibrillation (AF) and diabetes mellitus histories,
presented with chest pain radiating to the left arm and shoulder that began 6 hours prior to admission.
Electrocardiogram revealed AF plus ST-segment elevation in the anterior leads.
Intervention: Patient was first treated with anti-platelet agents (aspirin plus ticagrelor) and atorvastatin.
Emergency coronary angiography depicted multi-site coronary embolization of the left circumflex artery
(LCX) and the left anterior descending artery (LAD). Blood flow was not restored after intracoronary
injection of 600 ug tirofiban. 40 mg recombinant human prourokinase was then administered via aspiration
thrombectomy catheter.

Outcome: Two weeks later, coronary angiography showed no residual obstructive lesion in the LCX and
LAD with TIMI (thrombolysis in myocardial infarction) 3 flow.

Conclusion: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention is the most effective measure. In the case of
failed blood flow restoration, thrombolytic treatment in both intravenous and intracoronary route should be
considered.

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Published
2021-09-09
How to Cite
Yuan, Y., & Xu, Z. (2021). Dual coronary embolization associated with atrial fibrillation: a case report. STEMedicine, 2(8), e99. https://doi.org/10.37175/stemedicine.v2i8.99
Section
Research articles